C4D uses its own scripting language called Xpresso - in principal
, the answer is yes. You can replicate MAX thinking particle behavior in C4D using Xpresso - the "gotcha" being (of course) you have to know the appropriate (and requisite) Xpresso commands and how to hook 'em up.
This gets to be the tipping point regarding weather or not you will succeed in any such endevour.
So basically, yeah. You can do it but the method isn't an exact one-to-one translation. You have to wrap your noodle around the Xpresso stuff.